A Fixed-base Operator (FBO) is a facility that provides ground services for business aircraft. An FBO usually has an independent terminal with facilities such as VIP lounges, cabin crew lounges, security checks, and a customs corridor. It also provides hangar parking, refueling, maintenance, and cleaning services.
As of June 2021, there were 14 FBOs in mainland China, all in major civil transport airports. In addition, under current government rules, only one FBO is allowed per airport. Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen, which are first-tier cities, all have FBOs. Tianjin Binhai International Airport began operating in 2015 to serve the needs of clients looking for business jet charter services in the metropolitan area. Deer Jet has the biggest cluster of FBOs. Its FBOs cover seven coastal and inland cities, including Hangzhou, Xian, Changsha, Guilin, Nanning, Haikou, and Sanya.
Beijing Daxing International Airport started operations in September 2019. The FBO inside Daxing Airport was planned to open before the end of 2021, and it is expected there will be another FBO operating in mainland China. Apart from that, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, Wuhan Hannan General Airport, and Kunming Airport also have plans to construct an FBO.
Maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) facilities provide overhaul, maintenance, and repair services for business jets, helicopters, turboprops, and piston fixed-wing aircraft. The daily airline maintenance is usually done by the operator itself.
MROs can be divided into three categories. The first one is the MROs that OEMs directly or jointly establish. Another is MROs authorized or designated by the manufacturer. Finally, third-party MROs are operating under CAAR- 145 regulations.
Some MROs authorized by OEMs also operate large fleets manufactured by OEMs, or are agents or distributors of that OEM in the region. For example, the two Airbus Helicopter authorized MRO maintenance centers COHC and State Grid GA, are each the largest operators of H155/H225 and H125 models. The Bell authorized MRO center, Reignwood, is the only authorized distributor of the Bell 505 model and operates the largest Bell fleet in mainland China.
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